Overview of Tick-Borne Diseases
IGeneX is the leader in developing tests to accurately detect Lyme disease, Relapsing Fever, and associated tick-borne related diseases. We believe that offering trustworthy information to our customers is essential to patient care and treatment. In the chart below is the list of vector-borne diseases for which IGeneX offers diagnostic tests. Most of the tests offered are developed in-house.
– HME IgG/IgM
– HME PCR
– HGA IgG/IgM
– HGA PCR
– Bartonella PCR
– Bartonella FISH**
– Rickettsia PCR
– Chlamydophila pneumoniae
– Chllamypophila pneumoniae
Overview of the Tick
Ticks are ectoparasites, belonging to the arachnid class. They survive by feeding on the blood of small (mice) and big mammals (including humans), birds, and occasionally reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are mostly found in shady, damp, brushy, wooded, or grassy areas, especially in tall grass. This also includes your own backyard. Ticks feed by perching in low vegetation and waiting for a susceptible host on which they can attach themselves and feed.
From the perspective of disease transmission to humans, the essential characteristic of ticks is their need to ingest a blood meal to transform to their next stage of development. Once on a host, the tick inserts its hypostome, a central piercing element with hooks, into the host’s skin. Some ticks secrete a cementing material to fasten themselves to the host.
The most common ticks and the regions they inhabit are included in the chart below. Click on the boxes to learn more about the ticks and how to get tested.
To learn how to test a tick, click here.