Overview

Overview of Tick-Borne Diseases

IGeneX is the leader in developing tests to accurately detect Lyme disease, Relapsing Fever, and associated tick-borne related diseases. We believe that offering trustworthy information to our customers is essential to patient care and treatment. In the chart below is the list of vector-borne diseases for which IGeneX offers diagnostic tests. Most of the tests offered are developed in-house.

– Babesia microti igG/IgM
– Babesia duncani lgG/lgM**
– Babesia PCR
– Babesia FISH

BABESIOSIS

– RF Western Blot IgM**
– RF Western Blot IgG**
– RF Borrelia PCR

RELAPSING FEVER

(RF) Borreliosis


– Lyme Serology IgG/IgM
– Lyme Serology IgM
– C6 Peptide
– Lyme G/M/A IFA Screen**
– Lyme Western Blot IgG
– Lyme Western Blot IgM
– Lyme Multiplex PCR
– Lyme Dot Blot – Antigen**
– 31 kDa Epitope IgG**
– 31 kDa Epitope IgM**

LYME DISEASE

(B.burgdorferi)

EHRLICHIOSIS

Human Monocytic
Ehrlichiosis (HME)
– HME IgG/IgM
– HME PCR
 
Human Granulocytic
Anaplasmosis (HGA)
– HGA IgG/IgM
– HGA PCR

BARTONELLOSIS

– Bartonella IgG/IgM
– Bartonella PCR
– Bartonella FISH**

RICKETTSIOSIS

– R. rickettsii lgG/R. typhi lgG
– Rickettsia PCR
IMMUNOLOGY

– CD57

– Chlamydophila pneumoniae

 IgG ELISA

– Chllamypophila pneumoniae

 IgA ELISA

Overview of the Tick

Ticks are ectoparasites, belonging to the arachnid class. They survive by feeding on the blood of small (mice) and big mammals (including humans), birds, and occasionally reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are mostly found in shady, damp, brushy, wooded, or grassy areas, especially in tall grass. This also includes your own backyard. Ticks feed by perching in low vegetation and waiting for a susceptible host on which they can attach themselves and feed.

From the perspective of disease transmission to humans, the essential characteristic of ticks is their need to ingest a blood meal to transform to their next stage of development. Once on a host, the tick inserts its hypostome, a central piercing element with hooks, into the host’s skin. Some ticks secrete a cementing material to fasten themselves to the host.

The most common ticks and the regions they inhabit are included in the chart below. Click on the boxes to learn more about the ticks and how to get tested.

tick-chart_lrg

To learn how to test a tick, click here.