Overview of Tick-Borne Diseases

IGeneX is the leader in developing tests to accurately detect Lyme disease, Relapsing Fever, and associated tick-borne related diseases. We believe that offering trustworthy information to our customers is essential to patient care and treatment. In the chart below is the list of vector-borne diseases for which IGeneX offers diagnostic tests. Most of the tests offered are developed in-house.

– Babesia microti igG/IgM
– Babesia duncani lgG/lgM**
– Babesia PCR
– Babesia FISH



– RF Western Blot IgM**
– RF Western Blot IgG**
– RF Borrelia PCR


(RF) Borreliosis

– Lyme Serology IgG/IgM
– Lyme Serology IgM
– C6 Peptide
– Lyme G/M/A IFA Screen**
– Lyme Western Blot IgG
– Lyme Western Blot IgM
– Lyme Multiplex PCR
– Lyme Dot Blot – Antigen**
– 31 kDa Epitope IgG**
– 31 kDa Epitope IgM**




Human Monocytic
Ehrlichiosis (HME)
– HME PCRHuman Granulocytic
Anaplasmosis (HGA)
– Bartonella IgG/IgM
– Bartonella PCR
– Bartonella FISH**
– R. rickettsii lgG/R. typhi lgG
– Rickettsia PCR

– CD57

– Chlamydophila pneumoniae


– Chllamypophila pneumoniae


Overview of the Tick

Ticks are ectoparasites, belonging to the arachnid class. They survive by feeding on the blood of small (mice) and big mammals (including humans), birds, and occasionally reptiles and amphibians. Ticks are mostly found in shady, damp, brushy, wooded, or grassy areas, especially in tall grass. This also includes your own backyard. Ticks feed by perching in low vegetation and waiting for a susceptible host on which they can attach themselves and feed.

From the perspective of disease transmission to humans, the essential characteristic of ticks is their need to ingest a blood meal to transform to their next stage of development. Once on a host, the tick inserts its hypostome, a central piercing element with hooks, into the host’s skin. Some ticks secrete a cementing material to fasten themselves to the host.

The most common ticks and the regions they inhabit are included in the chart below. Click on the boxes to learn more about the ticks and how to get tested.


To learn how to test a tick, click here.